** I would like to share with you my guide to backpacking and some tips on how you could prepare for your first trip. I am not an expert and this should be used only as a guide which is based on my opinions and experiences. **
Day hiking is fun but have you ever hiked a trail and just wanted to stay the night to fully experience nature and all its surrounding beauty? I fell in love with backpacking on my very first trip. How awesome is it to be able to carry everything needed to survive in the back-country in a pack on your back! From supplies to shelter, water and food, with every new backpacking trip I went on I quickly learned about unnecessary items and weight, proper footwear, gear and clothing.
I hope this guide will help you to plan for your trip. Remember, you could never be too prepared in the back-country.
Besides actually stepping foot on the trail and making way to my destination, planning is the second most fun part of backpacking. From choosing a trail to destination, planning around perfect, if not decent weather, to mentally preparing for a trip by learning everything there is to know without breaking a sweat or stepping foot on that trail. Planning is the easy part. It is easy to see something pretty on a map and mentally prepare yourself to hike it. Stepping foot on a trail and making your way to your destination is another story.
Here are some things to keep in mind when planning your next backpacking trip:
Choosing a trail/destination: I tend to stick to familiar grounds where I know about surrounding areas. This is important because as a solo hiker, I feel safe roughly knowing my whereabouts. I eventually expand those areas by hiking nearby trails.
Time, Distance and Elevation: It is very important to make note and educate yourself about the trail you will be hiking. Understanding how many miles you are up against and preparing time for that distance will save you a lot of frustration.
Watch the weather: Keep an eye on the weather forecast days prior to your trek and see if you notice a pattern. Make note of drastic weather changes and know when it is safe to hike. Always check-in with the local ranger station prior to hiking.
Trail/ Road Conditions: Nothing sucks more than fully preparing for a trip to find out that the road or trail you need access to is closed or blocked. Be sure to call the nearest ranger station to check not only trail conditions, but road conditions to your trail-head as well.
Make a list, check it twice: Make a list of all the gear you think you will need for your trip. Once you have everything laid out, really think about saving space and weight by removing any unnecessary items. Do you really need that hairbrush?
Permits/Parking: Wilderness permits are required for a majority of overnight trips in the back-country. Advanced reservations are always recommended, but there are usually walk-in permits available 24 hours before the day of your hike. Always check about the parking situation and/ or road status when planning to leave your car parked overnight.
Tent: Backpacking tents should be durable and lightweight. I prefer a 3 season tent which is perfect for back-country camping during the spring, summer and fall.
– My personal preference: Teton Sports Ultra Mountain 2.
Sleeping bag: Choosing the perfect sleeping bag can be difficult. Here are a few things to keep in mind when searching for your perfect sleeping bag:
Temperature Rating: The temperature rating is a suggested guide to be used for the average temperature range you plan to sleep in.
There are 3 ratings to choose from:
– Summer: +32° and higher
– 3-Season: +10° to +32°
– Winter: +10° and lower
Insulation: Down Insulation (Duck or Goose) vs. Synthetic Insulation (type of polyester)
Down Insulation: These sleeping bags are filled with either duck or goose feathers which are light, breathable and easy to compress. Down fill insulation bags tend to be a little expensive but well worth the comfort, durability and warmth.
Synthetic Insulation: Most synthetic bags are filled with some type of polyester material. This material is quick drying, non-allergenic and insulates when used in damp or wet conditions.
Sleeping pad: You may not think that carrying a sleeping pad is necessary until you’ve actually slept on one. There are 3 different types of sleeping pads available: Air, Self- Inflating and Closed-Cell foam. Choosing the perfect sleeping pad depends on its intended use. For me, it’s backpacking. Having a lightweight, comfortable and durable sleeping pad is very important and a couple extra ounces are worth the comfort after a long trek into the back-country.
– My personal preference: Klymit Insulated Static V
Overnight Backpack: The type of backpack needed depends mostly on the length of your trip and how much weight you plan to carry. Typically for a weekend trip of 1-3 days, a 50 liter backpack should be just about right. Features to keep in mind when searching for your perfect overnight pack include: the number of pockets/compartments, hydration reservoir sleeve, ventilation, and padding. These are just a few of the basic features that make up a reliable overnight backpack.
– My personal preference: Osprey Women’s specific Aura AG 50L
Hiking Boots: Proper footwear is necessary for any hiking adventure mainly because we rely on our feet and ankles for support. There are different types of hiking/backpacking shoes and boots, so be sure to check out all options before making your next purchase.
Things to keep in mind when making your next hiking boot purchase: type of activity, ankle support, waterproof and lightweight.
– My personal preference: Hi-Tec Altitude Women’s hiking boots
Headlamp: Unlike a flashlight or lantern, headlamps are hands –free and perfect for night hikes and/ or preparing late night meals or setting up camp.
Stove: A backpacking stove is required for boiling water in places for which you cannot have a campfire.
Hydration Pack: Hydration packs or water reservoirs are needed for carrying water. It is important to make sure that the backpack you have is built with a hydration sleeve for your water reservoir. The average reservoir size is 2 liters, which is a decent amount for a short day hike.
Bear Canister: Required for most overnight trips in the back-country. A bear canister is used as a food locker to keep the smell of food and other scented items away from bears and other wildlife.
– Recommended: Bear Vault BV450 for weekend trips of 1-3 nights.
First Aid Kit:
Basic first aid kit should include:
sterile gauze pads
adhesive bandages/ tape
antiseptic wipes/ ointment
Hydrocortisone cream (1%)
acetaminophen and ibuprofen
Trekking Poles: Trekking poles reduce the impact on your legs, knees, ankles and feet. Having trekking poles available maintains balance on difficult terrain rain or shine, especially with a load on your back.
– My personal preference: Black Diamond Distance Z Trekking Poles
Water Filter: It is important to filter any water that you collect for drinking or cooking purposes. While there are many different ways to filter or purify collected water, I found that using a water filter is the quickest and most reliable.
– My personal preference: Sawyer Products Mini Water Filter
Food & Snacks: If you are looking for fast and easy- yet delicious and filling, dehydrated meals are the way to go. I enjoy the dehydrated meals from Mountain House because of the delicious variety of options they have from breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks.
– My favorite meals include: Mountain House Breakfast Hash, Biscuits & Gravy, Chicken Fajita Bowl, Chili Mac with Beef and Chicken Teriyaki.
Cooking Utensils: spoon, fork or spork; backpacking cooking pot (for boiling water)
It has taken me lots of sleepless nights and frustration on chilly days to realize that the clothing you wear while backpacking really is important. Unfortunately, you cannot just grab any t-shirt from your closet and hope that it will keep you dry and warm; that is- unless your closet is entirely filled with polyester shirts, fleece vests and insulated jackets.
Layers are the most important part of a backpacker’s wardrobe. By simply removing (or adding) a layer at a time, allows the hiker to keep dry, warm/ cool, and comfortable without having to unpack your backpack.
There are 3 types of layers that should be worn when backpacking: base layer, mid layer and outer layers.
Base Layers: The base layer is the closet layer to your skin. This should be some type of polyester or merino wool fabric; these types of fabrics are quick-drying and manage moisture. Types of base layers include: socks, sports bra, underwear and tank top.
Mid Layers: The mid-layer is responsible for insulation and retaining body heat. This layer is usually a fleece or lightweight down jacket or vest and worn over the base layer.
Outer Layers: The outer later will be your primary protection from all sorts of bad weather. The outer layer is waterproof, insulates and will keep you warm even during the coldest conditions. Types of outer layers include: hard and soft shell jackets.
Leave No Trace
Always remember to protect our lands for others to enjoy and generations to come. This can be done in several easy ways when hiking, camping and especially backpacking in the back-country by practicing the seven principles of Leave No Trace.
The Seven Principles
Plan Ahead and Prepare
Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces
Dispose of Waste Properly
Leave What You Find
Minimize Campfire Impacts
Be Considerate of Other Visitors
The following are a selection from the Leave No Trace Seven Principles. © 1999 by the Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics: www.LNT.org.